Can High Prolactin Levels Cause Depression?

What causes high prolactin levels in females?

Its hormones help regulate important functions such as growth, metabolism, blood pressure and reproduction.

Other possible causes of prolactin overproduction include medications, other types of pituitary tumors, an underactive thyroid gland, ongoing irritation to the chest, pregnancy and breast-feeding..

How can I lower my prolactin levels naturally?

Treatment for high prolactin levelschanging your diet and keeping your stress levels down.stopping high-intensity workouts or activities that overwhelm you.avoiding clothing that makes your chest uncomfortable.avoiding activities and clothing that overstimulate your nipples.taking vitamin B-6 and vitamin E supplements.

What happens if prolactin is high in female?

Excess prolactin can cause the production of breast milk in men and in women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding. In women, too much prolactin can also cause menstrual problems and infertility (the inability to get pregnant). In men, it can lead to lower sex drive and erectile dysfunction (ED).

Can lack of sleep cause high prolactin?

Excess breast manipulation, high protein meals, physical activity and sleep deprivation can artificially elevate the prolactin levels. Rarely, there are brain tumors that block the signals from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland that can result in elevated prolactin levels.

What foods reduce prolactin levels?

Foods that lower prolactin levels are generally high in zinc; think shellfish, beef, turkey and beans. It’s also important to get plenty of B6, so foods like potatoes, bananas, wild salmon, chicken and spinach can help boost those vitamin levels.

Does prolactin affect weight?

In adult patients weight gain is a frequent complaint of hyperprolactinaemia and it has been associated with a high prevalence of obesity. Normalization of prolactin (PRL) levels result in weight loss.

What level of prolactin indicates a tumor?

The normal prolactin level is < 20 ng/ml. In most women the tumors are detected when they are small (microadenomas) and the prolactin level is only moderately elevated (30 - 300 ng/ml).

What are the side effects of high prolactin levels?

Symptoms include irregular or absent menstrual periods, infertility, menopausal symptoms (hot flashes and vaginal dryness), and, after several years, osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of the bones). High prolactin levels can also cause milk discharge from the breasts.

Can anxiety cause high prolactin levels?

Neuroendocrine Changes. There is some evidence that functional hyperprolactinemia may be due to stress-induced neuroendocrine changes of dopamine and serotonin, thus affecting prolactin release [35]. REM sleep rebound, a behavioral coping mechanism to stress, has been found to be mediated by prolactin [36].

Does increased prolactin cause weight gain?

Prolactinomas: Symptoms Related to High Prolactin Levels The symptoms caused by a prolactinoma depend upon several factors, including gender and age. Prolactinomas are rare in children; when they occur, they may cause headache and weight gain.

What is the normal range of prolactin in female?

Normal Results The normal values for prolactin are: Men: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L) Nonpregnant women: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L) Pregnant women: 80 to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)

Does prolactin make you tired?

Prolactin levels are naturally higher during sleep, and animals injected with the chemical become tired immediately. This suggests a strong link between prolactin and sleep, so it’s likely that the hormone’s release during orgasm causes men to feel sleepy.

Can high prolactin cause fatigue?

Prolactinoma: high prolactin is not known to shorten life; however loss of normal testosterone production in men causes a risk of osteoporosis, increases the risk for bone fractures, loss of muscle mass, anemia (low red blood cell count) and fatigue.

Does prolactin affect mood?

In contrast, clinical studies in humans have indicated a correlation between high PRL levels and psychological distress. Female patients with hyperprolactinemia usually report more symptoms of anxiety and hostility than control female subjects (24).

How does prolactin make you feel?

Some women have high prolactin levels without any symptoms. In men, high prolactin levels can cause galactorrhea, impotence (inability to have an erection during sex), reduced desire for sex, and infertility. A man with untreated hyperprolactinemia may make less sperm or no sperm at all.

How do you treat high prolactin levels?

Doctors use drugs known as dopamine agonists to treat prolactinoma. These drugs mimic the effects of dopamine — the brain chemical that normally controls prolactin production. Commonly prescribed medications include bromocriptine (Cycloset, Parlodel) and cabergoline.

Does high prolactin always mean tumor?

What causes hyperprolactinemia? One common cause of hyperprolactinemia is a growth or tumor on the pituitary gland called a prolactinoma. The tumor produces high levels of prolactin. These tumors can be large or small and are usually benign, meaning they are not cancerous.