Question: What Are Osteocytes And Chondrocytes?

What is the difference between chondrocytes and osteocytes?

Osteocytes are developed in the mucoid connective tissue and a mature osteocyte contains a single nucleus.

Chondrocytes are involved in the maintenance of cartilage.

Osteocytes are involved in the maintenance of bone tissue.

This is the difference between Chondrocytes and Osteocytes..

What is in an Osteocyte?

Osteocyte, a cell that lies within the substance of fully formed bone. … It occupies a small chamber called a lacuna, which is contained in the calcified matrix of bone. Osteocytes derive from osteoblasts, or bone-forming cells, and are essentially osteoblasts surrounded by the products they secreted.

What is the role of chondrocytes?

Chondrocytes in the AC proliferate and secrete extracellular matrix to maintain and sustain the cartilage. The cells themselves are separated from each other by cartilage matrix [2]. They respond to outside stimuli and tissue damage, and are also responsible for degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis (OA).

Where is chondrocytes found in the body?

Chondrocytes (/ˈkɒndrəsaɪt, -droʊ-/, from Greek χόνδρος, chondros = cartilage + κύτος, kytos = cell) are the only cells found in healthy cartilage. They produce and maintain the cartilaginous matrix, which consists mainly of collagen and proteoglycans.

What are the two types of osteocytes?

Osteocytes, the living cells of bone tissue, form the mineral matrix of bones. There are two types of bone tissue: compact and spongy.

What type of cell is Osteocyte?

bone cellAn osteocyte, a star-shaped type of bone cell, is the most commonly found cell in mature bone tissue, and can live as long as the organism itself. The adult human body has about 42 billion of them. Osteocytes do not divide and have an average half life of 25 years.

What does it mean when chondrocytes are proliferating?

The skeletal elements of the axial and appendicular skeleton are preformed as cartilage templates by a mechanism called endochondral ossification. During this process, a cartilage template is formed in which chondrocytes proliferate and differentiate into hypertrophic chondrocytes and are gradually replaced by bone.

Can chondrocytes regenerate?

Worse, once we’re adults, our articular cartilage cannot regrow or heal because it doesn’t have any blood vessels, which means oxygenated red blood cells can’t reach the damaged tissue. However, experts have discovered some ways to regenerate or repair damaged cartilage. They can even transplant small portions of it.

What is a chondrocyte?

Chondrocytes are the cells responsible for cartilage formation, and they are crucial for the process of endochondral ossification, which is useful for bone development. From: MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine, 2015.

Where are chondrocytes and osteocytes located?

Chondrocytes are located in the cartilage of the body and osteocytes are located in the bone.

What is the difference between osteoblasts and osteocytes?

Osteoblasts are the cells that produce bone extracellular matrix and are responsible for its mineralization. … Osteocytes are osteoblasts that have been incorporated into bone matrix and are cells with extensive dendritic processes through which the cells communicate with other osteocytes and with osteoblasts.

How do chondrocytes eliminate waste products?

The large ratio of proteoglycans to collagen fibers in the cartilage allows diffusion more easily through the ECM from blood vessels within the perichondrium. … When compressive forces are applied to the cartilage, this forces water and waste products out (like water can be squeezed out a sponge).