Quick Answer: What Are Sprains?

What is sprain explain?

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament.

Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint.

Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain.

Ankle and wrist sprains are common.

Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and being unable to move your joint..

What can cause a sprain?

A sprain occurs when ligaments (fibers that connect bones to other bones) are stretched or torn. Sprains are usually caused by an injury, such as twisting your ankle. When this happens, your joint moves in an unnatural way and the ligament gets stretched and pulled.

How long does a sprain last?

How long it takes for a sprain or strain to heal. After 2 weeks, most sprains and strains will feel better. Avoid strenuous exercise such as running for up to 8 weeks, as there’s a risk of further damage. Severe sprains and strains can take months to get back to normal.

How can you tell how bad a sprain is?

“Some sprains just feel twisted or tweaked, and while they are a little swollen and tender, you can still walk. But ankle sprains can also be fairly severe, with lots of swelling and bruising, along with severe pain when any weight is placed on them.” Too often, Dr.

Can an xray show a sprain?

An X-ray may also show whether fluid has accumulated around a joint, which is a sign of a sprain or strain. It can also detect loose pieces of bone, which can cause pain.

How long should a sprain hurt?

Mild sprains typically begin to feel better in a few days to a week and heal by six weeks. More severe ankle sprains could take more than a few weeks or months to fully recover. Severe sprains may cause excruciating pain, crutches may be needed. A return to regular activities may be delayed for weeks or months.

How long should you ice a sprain?

Try to ice the area as soon as possible after the injury and continue to ice it for 15 to 20 minutes, four to eight times a day, for the first 48 hours or until swelling improves. If you use ice, be careful not to use it too long, as this could cause tissue damage. Compress the area with an elastic wrap or bandage.

Why do I sprain easily?

The ability to balance is often affected. Proper rehabilitation is needed to strengthen the muscles around the ankle and retrain the tissues within the ankle that affect balance. Failure to do so may result in repeated ankle sprains. Repeated ankle sprains often cause—and perpetuate—chronic ankle instability.

How do you tell if ankle is sprained or torn ligament?

Bruising and swelling are common signs of a sprained ankle. If there is severe tearing of the ligaments, you might also hear or feel a “pop” when the sprain occurs. Symptoms of a severe sprain are similar to those of a broken bone and require prompt medical evaluation.

Which is worse sprain or strain?

Strain vs Sprain, which is worse? One is not technically worse than the other. Strains affect the tendons (an easy way to remember this is sTrains = tendons or muscles), and sprains affect the ligaments. Both tendons and ligaments are connective tissues, and both are measured by severity.

What happens if a sprain is left untreated?

An untreated ankle sprain may lead to chronic ankle instability, a condition marked by persistent discomfort and a giving way of the ankle. Weakness in the leg may also develop. A more severe ankle injury may have occurred along with the sprain.

How do you treat a sprain?

approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation:Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. … Ice. Even if you’re seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. … Compression. To help stop swelling, compress the area with an elastic bandage until the swelling stops. … Elevation.

What is the difference between sprain and strain?

The difference between a sprain and a strain is that a sprain injures the bands of tissue that connect two bones together, while a strain involves an injury to a muscle or to the band of tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.

How painful is a sprain?

With most sprains, you feel pain right away at the site of the tear. Often the ankle starts to swell immediately and may bruise. The ankle area is usually tender to touch, and it hurts to move it. In more severe sprains, you may hear and/or feel something tear, along with a pop or snap.

What is the best medicine for sprain?

Control Swelling With RICE Therapy. RICE stands for: … Manage Pain and Inflammation. Give an over-the-counter NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or aspirin. … See a Doctor. All but the most minor strains and sprains should be evaluated by a doctor. … Follow Up.

Do sprains heal on their own?

Sprains are common and usually heal on their own. However, severe sprains that completely sever the ligament may require months of healing and possibly surgery. Do not ignore the pain of an ankle sprain or assume that there is nothing a doctor can do.

Should I stretch a sprain?

Generally, you can begin range-of-motion and stretching exercises within the first 48 hours, and should continue until you’re as free of pain as you were before your sprain. Start to exercise seated on a chair or on the floor. As your sprained ankle improves, you can progress to standing exercises.

How does a sprain feel?

With a severe sprain, ligaments tear completely or separate from the bone. This loosening interferes with how the joint functions. You may feel a tear or pop in the joint. Although the intensity varies, all sprains commonly cause pain, swelling, bruising, and inflammation.

Can you still walk on a sprained foot?

Walk or put weight on your sprained foot as long as it does not hurt. If your doctor gave you a splint or immobilizer, wear it as directed.

How long do sprains and strains take to heal?

A strain is sometimes called a “pulled muscle.” Depending on the level of muscle strain, it may heal within a few weeks, but reinjury can happen. A sprain is when ligaments (bands of tissue that hold bone to bone at the joints) stretch too far or tear. A sprain may can take 4–6 weeks to heal or sometimes longer.

Can an MRI show a sprain?

MRI may be a useful evaluation when a syndesmotic or high ankle sprain is suspected or if osteochondrosis or meniscoid injury is suspected in patients with a history of recurrent ankle sprains and chronic pain.