Quick Answer: What Are The Major Diseases Of The Musculoskeletal System?

What are the major organs in the musculoskeletal system?

The body’s bones (the skeletal system), muscles (muscular system), cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue that supports and binds tissues and organs together comprise the musculoskeletal system..

What is the largest muscle in the body?

gluteus maximusThe gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the human body. It is large and powerful because it has the job of keeping the trunk of the body in an erect posture. It is the chief antigravity muscle that aids in walking up stairs.

What disease affects the smooth muscle?

Multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome is a disease in which the activity of smooth muscle throughout the body is impaired.

What are the 5 major organs of the skeletal system?

The musculoskeletal system is made up of the body’s bones (the skeleton), muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue that support and bind tissues and organs together. The skeleton serves as the main storage system for calcium and phosphorus.

What type of doctor treats muscle problems?

Who to See for Muscle PainPhysiatrists, also known as a physical medicine or rehabilitation doctors.Orthopedic specialists, medical doctors (MDs) trained to treat musculoskeletal conditions, especially surgically.Neurologists, MDs trained in brain diseases and conditions, some of which can cause muscle pain.More items…•

What are the most common diseases in the musculoskeletal system?

The most common and disabling musculoskeletal conditions are osteoarthritis, back and neck pain, fractures associated with bone fragility, injuries and systemic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.

What are some common muscle disorders?

Types of neuromuscular disorders include:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.Multiple sclerosis.Muscular dystrophy.Myasthenia gravis.Myopathy.Myositis, including polymyositis and dermatomyositis.Peripheral neuropathy.More items…

What are the 3 major bone diseases?

Related Health TopicsBone Cancer.Bone Density.Bone Infections.Osteogenesis Imperfecta.Osteonecrosis.Osteoporosis.Paget’s Disease of Bone.Rickets.

What are 3 diseases of the muscular system?

Related Health TopicsFibromyalgia.Movement Disorders.Multiple Sclerosis.Muscle Cramps.Muscular Dystrophy.Myasthenia Gravis.Myositis.Neuromuscular Disorders.More items…•

What disease eats your muscles?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.

What is Oi medical condition?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of genetic disorders that mainly affect the bones. The term “osteogenesis imperfecta” means imperfect bone formation.

What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders?

Common symptoms include:Localized or widespread pain that can worsen with movement.Aching or stiffness of the entire body.The feeling that your muscles have been pulled or overworked.Fatigue.Sleep disturbances.Twitching muscles.The sensation of “burning” in your muscles.

Why are my muscles wasting away?

Muscle atrophy is when muscles waste away. It’s usually caused by a lack of physical activity. When a disease or injury makes it difficult or impossible for you to move an arm or leg, the lack of mobility can result in muscle wasting.

What are 2 diseases that affect the skeletal system?

The two most common disorders of the skeletal system are osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Osteoporosis is an age-related disorder in which bones lose mass, weaken, and break more easily than normal bones.

What are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system?

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.More items…

What are the 5 main function of the skeletal system?

The major functions of the skeletal system are body support, facilitation of movement, protection of internal organs, storage of minerals and fat, and blood cell formation.