Quick Answer: What Causes Osteomyelitis Of The Jaw?

What does osteomyelitis look like?

The features of acute osteomyelitis that may be visible include a periosteal reaction secondary to elevation of the periosteum (Figure 2), a well-circumscribed bony lucency representing an intraosseous abscess (Figure 3) and soft tissue swelling..

Can osteomyelitis of the jaw be cured?

In the acute osteomyelitis, vascular compromise caused by the infective process occurs early in the course of the disease, making a cure unlikely unless medical management with the appropriate antibiotic is instituted within the first 3 days after the onset of the symptoms [1].

How serious is a jaw bone infection?

If it is not treated immediately, the infection can travel into the jawbone and cause serious health issues. Symptoms of a jaw bone infection or dental abscess include: Pain in the mouth or jaw. Redness or swelling.

What are common local signs of osteomyelitis?

Signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis include:Fever.Swelling, warmth and redness over the area of the infection.Pain in the area of the infection.Fatigue.

How long does osteomyelitis take to heal?

If you have a severe infection, the course may last up to 12 weeks. It’s important to finish a course of antibiotics even if you start to feel better. If the infection is treated quickly (within 3 to 5 days of it starting), it often clears up completely. You can take painkillers to ease the pain.

What are the symptoms of a jaw bone infection?

Osteomyelitis of the jaw can cause:Fever.Jaw pain.Facial swelling.Tenderness to the touch.Jaw stiffness.Sinus drainage.Tooth loss.Pus (thick, usually yellow-white fluid)More items…

Why osteomyelitis is common in mandible?

Osteomyelitis is more commonly observed in the mandible because of its poor blood supply as compared to the maxilla, and also because the dense mandibular cortical bone is more prone to damage and, therefore, to infection at the time of tooth extraction.

What is the best antibiotic for jaw bone infection?

Treatment of osteomyelitis of the jaws is complicated by the presence of teeth and persistent exposure to the oral environment. Antibiotic therapy needs to be prolonged, often for weeks to months. Clindamycin and moxifloxacin have excellent bioavailability in bone tissue, and either is recommended.

What happens if your jaw bone dies?

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is very painful and can lead to serious complications, including ulcerations within the lining of the mouth, infection, and breakdown of the jawbone with disfigurement.