What Are Some Musculoskeletal Injuries?

How do you perform a musculoskeletal assessment?

To assess the musculoskeletal system, you carefully inspect your patient, examining the symmetry of the joints, muscles, and bones and checking for swelling, redness, and ease of movement.

Then you palpate over the joints, noting any areas of warmth or tenderness..

What is an example of a musculoskeletal injury?

The most common and disabling musculoskeletal conditions are osteoarthritis, back and neck pain, fractures associated with bone fragility, injuries and systemic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.

What does musculoskeletal pain feel like?

People tend to explain it as their entire body aching or that their muscles feel as though they have been pulled or overworked with the most common symptoms being pain, fatigue or a disruption in normal sleep patterns. Musculoskeletal pain can affect anyone and impact all major areas of the body, including the: Neck.

How do you know if pain is musculoskeletal?

What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?Localized or widespread pain that can worsen with movement.Aching or stiffness of the entire body.The feeling that your muscles have been pulled or overworked.Fatigue.Sleep disturbances.Twitching muscles.The sensation of “burning” in your muscles.

What are the common signs and symptoms of MSD?

MSD Signs and SymptomsNumbness or a burning sensation in the hand.Reduced grip strength in the hand.Swelling or stiffness in the joints.Pain in wrists, forearms, elbows, neck, or back.Reduced range of motion in the shoulder, neck, or back.Dry, itchy, or sore eyes.Blurred or double vision.Aching or tingling. Cramping.

How do you treat musculoskeletal injuries?

Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.Immobilize the injured area. … Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain until emergency personnel arrive. … Treat for shock.

What are the four types of musculoskeletal injuries?

TYPES OF MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES Open wounds include abrasions, lacerations, avulsions and amputations.

What kind of doctor do you see for musculoskeletal pain?

People with a musculoskeletal problem may be referred to a specialist but there is a spectrum to choose from, such as rheumatologists, orthopaedic surgeons, physical medicine and rehabilitationalists, anaesthetists working in pain clinics, sports physicians or other health professionals such as physiotherapists, …

How long can musculoskeletal pain last?

The pain can range from mild to severe enough to interfere with your day-to-day life. It may start suddenly and be short-lived, which is called acute pain. Pain that lasts for more than 3 to 6 months is called chronic pain.

What are the three basic causes of musculoskeletal injuries?

Musculoskeletal disorders are preventable….There are three primary ergonomic risk factors.High task repetition. … Forceful exertions. … Repetitive or sustained awkward postures.

What are 5 steps in caring for musculoskeletal injuries?

4.1. 1.1. 1. Strains and sprainsReassure the patient.Gently support the site.Check circulation, motor, and sensation before and after splinting.Apply ice pack.Splint and immobilize injured limb.Elevate injured limb.Arrange for transport to appropriate care center.

What are the signs and symptoms of musculoskeletal trauma?

A sign can include: swelling, redness or difficulty moving a particular body part. A symptom can be: numbness, tingling and pain. Signs and symptoms can appear suddenly (i.e. from a single incident that causes an injury) or can appear gradually over time.

What are the musculoskeletal disorders?

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are injuries or disorders of the muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, cartilage, and spinal discs. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are conditions in which: The work environment and performance of work contribute significantly to the condition; and/or.

How do musculoskeletal injuries occur?

Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain. Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization.

What are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system?

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.More items…