What Are The 4 Types Of Infections?

How long do bacterial infections last?

Bacterial Infections Symptoms persist longer than the expected 10-14 days a virus tends to last.

Fever is higher than one might typically expect from a virus.

Fever gets worse a few days into the illness rather than improving..

What is the strongest antibiotic for infection?

Drugs Used to Treat Bacterial InfectionDrug nameRx / OTCRatinglevofloxacinRx4.4Generic name: levofloxacin systemic Brand name: Levaquin Drug class: quinolones For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing InformationAmoxilRx1073 more rows

What can I use for infection?

Seven best natural antibioticsGarlic. Cultures across the world have long recognized garlic for its preventive and curative powers. … Honey. Since the time of Aristotle, honey has been used as an ointment that helps wounds to heal and prevents or draws out infection. … Ginger. … Echinacea. … Goldenseal. … Clove. … Oregano.

What causes bacterial infection in blood?

Bacteremia is the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteremia may result from ordinary activities (such as vigorous toothbrushing), dental or medical procedures, or from infections (such as pneumonia or a urinary tract infection).

How can bacterial infections be prevented?

Apply recognised hygiene measuresAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

How many types of infection are there?

Viral infections. Viral infections occur due to infection with a virus. Millions of different viruses may exist, but researchers have only identified about 5,000 types to date.

What are the 4 main causes of infection?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

How do you tell if you are fighting an infection?

Signs of infectionfever.feeling tired or fatigued.swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.headache.nausea or vomiting.

What are the 5 signs of infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

How do u know if u have a bacterial infection?

Bacterial vaginosis signs and symptoms may include:Thin, gray, white or green vaginal discharge.Foul-smelling “fishy” vaginal odor.Vaginal itching.Burning during urination.

What are the 2 types of infections?

Types of infectionsViral infections. Viruses are very tiny infectious organisms. … Bacterial infections. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms. … Fungal infections. Fungi are another diverse group of organisms that can include things like yeasts and molds. … Parasitic infections. … Prions.

What are 5 diseases caused by bacteria?

vaccineBacteria.Infectious disease.Cholera.Leprosy.Tuberculosis.Plague.Syphilis.Anthrax.More items…

What’s the difference between bacteria & virus?

Bacteria are single-celled, living organisms. They have a cell wall and all the components necessary to survive and reproduce, although some may derive energy from other sources. Viruses are not considered to be “living” because they require a host cell to survive long-term, for energy, and to reproduce.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…•

What are the most common infections?

Most Common Infectious Diseases in the U.S.Scroll down to read all. 1 / 15. Chlamydia. … 2 / 15. Influenza A and B. Sudden fever and chills, muscle aches, headache, tiredness, sore throat, congestion. … 3 / 15. Staph. There are more than 30 kinds of staph bacteria. … 4 / 15. E. Coli. … 5 / 15. Herpes Simplex 1. … 6 / 15. Herpes Simplex 2. … 7 / 15. Shigellosis. … 8 / 15. Syphilis.More items…

What is the most common infectious disease in humans?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

How do you get rid of bacteria in your body?

Antibiotics are used to kill or inhibit bacteria growth. Although you might think of antibiotics as modern medicine, they’ve actually been around for centuries….You may also be able to eradicate bacteria in the home with a homemade cleaning agent made of:oregano essential oil.vinegar.water.lemon.

What are 5 diseases that can be caught from another person?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:Chickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What is the most rare disease?

5 of the World’s Most Ultra-Rare DiseasesRPI deficiency.Fields Condition. … Kuru. … Methemoglobinemia. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria. More often referred to as Progeria, this disease affects about one in every 8 million children and, due to a genetic mutation, causes the appearance of rapid aging beginning in early childhood. …

What does a bacterial infection of the skin look like?

Bacterial skin infections Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic.