What Is Drug With Example?

What do you mean by drugs?

In pharmacology, a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect.

A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication or medicine, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being..

What are the 4 categories of medicine?

The 4 Categories of MedicationGeneral Sales List (GSL) GSLs are a type of medicine that have few legal restrictions. … Pharmacy Medicines. Pharmacy Medicines are only available to purchase behind the counter at a pharmacy. … Prescription Only Medicines. … Controlled Drugs.

How are drugs made?

Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs as part of the pharmaceutical industry. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.

What are the 3 categories of medicine?

There are, therefore, three classes of products under the Medicines Act 1968, namely: (1) General Sale List medicines (GSL). (2) Pharmacy medicines (P). (3) Prescription Only Medicines (POM). The legal requirements that apply to the sale, supply, dispensing and labelling of each class are dealt with separately below.

What are the 5 classes of drugs?

The five “schedules” of drugs should not be confused with the five “classes” of drugs, a different way of organizing drugs according to their main properties. The five classes of drugs are narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and anabolic steroids.

How are drugs named and classified?

In the majority of circumstances, drugs have 3 types of names: chemical names, the most important of which is the IUPAC name; generic or nonproprietary names, the most important of which are the International Nonproprietary Names (INNs); and trade names, which are brand names.

How are drugs discovered?

The process of drug discovery involves the identification of candidates, synthesis, characterization, screening, and assays for therapeutic efficacy. Once a compound has shown its value in these tests, it will begin the process of drug development prior to clinical trials.

What makes a drug family?

A drug class is a set of medications and other compounds that have similar chemical structures, the same mechanism of action (i.e., bind to the same biological target), a related mode of action, and/or are used to treat the same disease.

What are the 6 classification of drugs?

The DRE categorization process is premised on these long-standing, medically accepted facts. DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: central nervous system (CNS) depressants, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, narcotic analgesics, inhalants, and cannabis.

What is a Class 1 drug?

Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule I drugs are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), methaqualone, and peyote. Schedule II.

What are the 2 types of drugs?

The main categories are: stimulants (e.g. cocaine) depressants (e.g. alcohol) opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)

What is the side effect of drugs?

Side effects of drug addiction may include: Nausea and abdominal pain, which can also lead to changes in appetite and weight loss. Increased strain on the liver, which puts the person at risk of significant liver damage or liver failure. Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage. Lung disease.

How are drugs classified?

In general, addictive drugs may be classified as Stimulants, Depressants, Hallucinogens, or Opioids. These four drug classifications separate substances by how they interact with the brain and alter a person’s mindset and behavior.

How are drugs made today?

Some medicines are made in labs by mixing together a number of chemicals. Others, like penicillin, are byproducts of organisms such as fungus. And a few are even biologically engineered by inserting genes into bacteria that make them produce the desired substance.

Legal drugs Some drugs, such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine and various prescribed and over-the-counter medications, are legal but may be subject to restrictions based on age, location of use, driving and point of sale regulations.

What are the 8 types of drugs?

Drug categories include the following: Stimulants. Depressants. Hallucinogens….Chemical Classifications of DrugsOpioids. … Alcohol. … Benzodiazepines and barbiturates. … Cocaine and other stimulants. … Inhalants. … Hallucinogens. … Cannabis.More items…

Is caffeine a drug?

Caffeine is defined as a drug because it stimulates the central nervous system, causing increased alertness. Caffeine gives most people a temporary energy boost and elevates mood. Caffeine is in tea, coffee, chocolate, many soft drinks, and pain relievers and other over-the-counter medications.

Which country is called Land of drugs?

The United KingdomThe United Kingdom has been called the first narco-state: thanks to the Opium Wars, the UK became a powerful force in the traffic of illegal drugs in the mid to late 19th century.

What are advantages of drugs?

Pleasure is an obvious part of drug use and the short-term physical benefits are well known. Drugs can produce a “high”, give people energy, make them feel good, reduce stress and aid sleep. The social benefits of drug use are more complex to quantify.

What are drugs and its types?

Drugs can be categorised by the way in which they affect our bodies: depressants — slow down the function of the central nervous system. hallucinogens — affect your senses and change the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things. stimulants — speed up the function of the central nervous system.

Is sugar a drug?

Brain scans have confirmed that intermittent sugar consumption affects the brain in ways similar to certain drugs. A highly cited study in the journal Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews found that sugar—as pervasive as it is—meets the criteria for a substance of abuse and may be addictive to those who binge on it.